A normative set derived from some base level of experience is needed for survey like this, but such a limited set would be inadequate for a full appreciation of our full, disciplinary fabric. This process allows two species of partition resources so that one species does not out compete the other, interspecific competition, predation, parasitism, mutualism, commensalism, amensalism, resource partitioning/niche differentiation, natural selection drives competing species into different patterns of resource use of different niches. We regard these as “normative” concepts that are introduced at the most general, collegiate level, and should be a fair representation for an exploratory investigation like this. Did you, as a participant, learn something about yourself? Learn more. Authors; Authors and affiliations; Patrick R. Dugan; Chapter. • The children develop their gardening skills, creative-arts abilities, cultural awareness, and a knowledge of ecological concepts and nutritional information; UN-2 This social and ecological conception of community is linked to the Andean concept of the ayllu, according to which the notion of well‐being encompasses not only persons, but also crops and cattle, and the rest of nature. Concepts were selected from those found in at least two of the four most current general ecology texts. Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving: Concepts and Case Studies. migration, various mating behaviors. Only the oldest group placed high value on concepts related to evolution (selection, adaptation, microevolution), while the youngest group found abstract concepts pertaining to indeterminacy (e.g., gradient, species diversity, and complexity) particularly useful. We recognize, however, that Immanuel Kant was correct when he said we cannot really know the truth; our ideas of tangibility are largely operational, not declarations of objective truth. the physical location in which a species live, group of organisms that resemble one another in appearance, behavior, chemical makeup and processes and genetic structure, species with a broad ecological niche, can live in many different habitats, eat a variety of goods and tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions; less prone to extinctions, species with a narrow ecological niche; may live in only one type of habitat, tolerate only one type of food, tolerate only a narrow range of environmental conditions, more prone to extinction, species that normally live and thrive in a particular ecosystem, species that migrate into an ecosystem or are deliberately introduced into an ecosystem, alien on introduced species, species that serve as early warnings that a community of ecosystem is being degraded, species that play roles affecting many other organisms in the ecosystem; often top level predators, species adaptations is dependent on 3 limitations, 1. a change in environmental conditions can lead to adaptation only for traits already present in the gene pool of a populations, formation of two or more species from one species as a result of divergent natural selection in response to change in the environmental conditions, Geographic isolation: separation of populations of a species for fairly long times into different areas, complete disappearance of a living species from the earth; happens when a species cannot adapt and successfully reproduce under new environmental conditions or it evolves into one or more new species, normal extinction of various species as a result of changes in the local environmental conditions; a few species here and there of varied taxa, widespread extinction, 25-70% of existing species weed out by climate change or comet strike, widespread, often global period during which extinction rates are higher than normal but not high enough to classify as a mass extinction. The Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Working off-campus? Second, in some contexts concepts may function as descriptors or features of entities (e.g., “biogeochemical cycle” is a feature of an “ecosystem”). The various concepts of ecology explained. This video is unavailable. To know the influences that led to concepts through the history of our discipline is a way to understand the intellectual nature of our work. Examples of Biodiversity Components and Attributes 2 f gu 2. She loves finding graphic ways to explain ecological concepts. Europarl8. In our usage, concepts can take three forms. National Research Council. Overview of Concepts, Principles and Applications 5 © 2020 Ecological Society of America. long-term, large-scale changes that lead to new species (speciation) and the loss of other species; small genetic changes that occur in a population; development of genetic variability through mutations, random changes of the DNA in a cell; brought about by exposure to external agents and random mistakes during DNA replication, random and unpredictable, only source of totally new genetic raw material (without human help), relatively rare events, process by which a particular beneficial gene of set of genes is reproduced in succeeding generations more than other genes. 100 years of ecology: what are our concepts and are they useful?, https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9623-96.1.64, http://f1000.com/posters/browse/summary/1096732. Download 2,013 Ecological Concepts Stock Illustrations, Vectors & Clipart for FREE or amazingly low rates! behavioral adaptation. The most useful concepts for a given domain were (with the exception of organisms) domain specific. We received 58 digital responses and 14 hard‐copy responses. We also sorted results by primary domains of inquiry (organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, landscapes) which resulted in a predictable division of valuations for concepts (Table 3). 5. Learn ecological concepts with free interactive flashcards. Only the youngest class included “community” among its top 10 concepts. total way to life of a species in an ecosystem; all physical, chemical and biological conditions of a species needs to live and reproduce in an ecosystem. Stability concepts are underlying most of our projects, for example the viability of small populations, the sustainability of harvesting regimes in rain forests, or the resilience of ecological and socio-ecological systems. India 500 Startup Awards 2019 Winner Ecological Concepts Pvt Ltd, India’s Biggest Business Awards Who We Are A startup company devoted to work in detoxifying water bodies anywhere We are an organization with multifarious activities in the drinking water and water purification & treatment field. We are committed to bringing a greater understanding of ecology, and its importance, to a wider audience. First, they can be presentations of entities that are relatively tangible such as “organism,” or more abstract like “community.” These we term ontologies. We sorted results by broad age classes: 20–30 year olds (36%); 31–50 year olds (34%); and >50 year olds (29%) (Table 2). ); and aspect of professional activity that provided the most personal satisfaction. Some basic results were assembled for a poster and presented three days later (OPS 3‐6 Ecological Concepts: Of what value, and for whom? There are certain basic fundamental ecological principles which describe various aspects of living organisms e.g. To obtain concept rankings in the context we desired, participants had to know some things about themselves. We were encouraged in these discussions to further this investigation by doing an on‐line survey of the entire ESA membership. New users enjoy 60% OFF. Only the “organism” concept was common to all five domains, and only “population” was shared by three groups. the change in a population's genetic makeup, gene pool, through successive generations. We restricted the concepts to a set we thought every ecologist might have experienced through a general ecology course. We also carefully defined the term “concept” for our purposes, as described above. Results of a survey), which can be viewed through this link: http://f1000.com/posters/browse/summary/1096732. Scopri Understanding Basic Ecological Concepts di Tomera, A.: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. Knowing the birth, death, and inherited relationships among our concepts is one way to understand our field. That discontent illuminated the fact that a defining context must be established for limiting concepts to those that make sense for this kind of survey. We have been active in dealing with eminent products meant […] 2011, Burke et al. Ecology's concepts—and there are many of them—represent the language and fabric of our discipline. Protection of species and species subdivisions will support biodiversity. Washington, DC 20036phone 202-833-8773email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Nevertheless, contemporary marine ecosystems are changing, degrading, and disappearing (figure 1; e.g., Waycott et al. Large areas usually contain more species than smaller areas with similar habitat. In other words, “landscape” did not appear in the ecosystem ecologists” list; “ecosystem” did not appear in the community ecologists' list, and “community” did not appear in the population ecologists' list. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: When food systems meet sustainability – Current narratives and implications for actions. total way to life of a species in an ecosystem; all physical, chemical and biological conditions of a species needs to live and reproduce in an ecosystem. 2 species to partition resources so that one species does not out compete the other, organism of one species (predator) captures and feeds on all parts of all of an organisms of another species (the prey), one organism (the parasite) pretty on the host by living in or on the host; host is not immediently killed and often is not but the parasite benefits while the host is harmed, both species benefit from the interaction, one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed, the inhibition of one species by another through chemical means. The discipline of ecology predates the Ecological Society of America, but ESA's 2015 centennial provides a fitting time to consider how ecology has evolved over the last 100 years, and how it is poised to advance and serve into the next century. However, “ecosystem” was ranked 4th among landscape ecologists. Seventy‐eight persons attended at least part of this session. Through 100 years of Ecological Society of America publications: development of ecological research topics and scientific collaborations. In different contexts, entities may be ontologies or claims of what is real. by: herman ndjamen group: 205 2. contents • concept of biosphere and it’s structure • ecosystem and it’s types • parameters of an ecosystem • ecological optimum, pessimum, spectrum and valency trophic chacontents • concept of biosphere and it’s structure • ecosystem and it’s types • parameters ins and their Ecological Theory and Concepts A central element of the department’s research is the development and testing of ecological theories and concepts. Every specialty in ecology—limnology, behavior, restoration, energetics—has its own particular concepts that are not, nor should they be, familiar to others. 1. 2011, IPCC 2013). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. WhatsApp. Our exploratory examination was performed in on 11 August 2014 as Special Session 2 of ESA's 99th Annual Meeting, held in Sacramento, California. 78 Downloads; Abstract. How might rankings vary with stage of career development? Ecological restoration is undertaken for many reasons including to recover ecosystem integrity and to satisfy personal, cultural, social‐economic, and ecological values. Ecological Restoration Engages Stakeholders. We exhibit the following data with some reluctance only as an example of how a larger survey outcome might be treated. Twitter. Results of the survey were calculated at a remote site within minutes and discussed during the rest of the session. 2. Quick Reference. Except for a relatively large drop between the first (“organism”) and second (“population”) concepts, and for the last four concepts in the sequence, the rate of decrease in rankings was essentially linear. We next explained the survey procedure. ); primary method used to perform inquiry (field observations, experiments, etc. Only the oldest group placed high value on concepts related to evolution (selection, adaptation, microevolution), while the youngest group found abstract concepts pertaining to indeterminacy (e.g., gradient, species diversity, and complexity) particularly useful. All rights reserved. From discussions during the latter part of the special session, and around the poster later in the week, we discovered that there is keen interest among some ecologists in identifying and evaluating concepts. Hence, it seems that each domain (N) did not generally identify either organizational level N − 1 or N + 1 as being particularly useful. The top‐ranking concepts were ontologies and metaphysical properties; only three of the top 20 were theories by our definition. Marine ecosystems play a crucial role in supporting human well-being, from our food supply and coastal protection to the regulation of the Earth's climate (figure 1; e.g., Barbier 2012, Halpern et al. Learn about our remote access options, International Center for Tropical Agriculture and University of Wyoming. Whereas the ecosystem has its place in the hierarchy of organizational levels — where it represents the first level which fully integrates non-living and living factors — the ecotope is the smallest homogeneous spatial component of a landscape. This leads us to create concepts that are wholly intangible until we define them as particular cases. The inverse also held true. Ecological Concepts. 2012, HLPE 2014). In the introductory segment, we clarified the purpose of the session: To learn the degree to which 105 different ecological concepts were useful across the range of personal and professional variety of ecologists present at the session. By. 4. How might rankings differ with primary domain of inquiry? The presentation of randomized subsets was intended to minimize effects of survey fatigue as well as order bias. Evolution organizes ecological systems into hierarchies. Ecological concepts by British Ecological Society. Otherwise, choices are related to the nature of the domains, e.g. While waiting for the results, we raised these questions for discussion and to set expectations for how the results were to be interpreted: Did it seem that the concepts differed from one another in some fundamental ways? This suggests that concepts of basic entities, as opposed to theories (28% of total concepts), have the most utility for this population of participants. Namely terrestrial ecosystem and aquatic ecosystem. The survey was closed after 20 minutes. In such cases we term the concept a metaphysical property. It also became apparent that ecology's conceptual array has a fascinating history. We also explained that, like many of us, they might have a dualistic practice in which they taught, administered, consulted, or performed other tasks as an overlay to their special technical skills, knowledge base, and scientific interests. But every individual thinks and works within a restricted portion of that fabric. A more normative suite of concepts (i.e., concepts that ought to be understood) was needed to cross specialties in this kind of inquiry. 150,573,255 stock photos online. This leads to a population of organisms with a greater proportion of individuals better adapted to certain environmental conditions, any genetically controlled structural, physiological or behavioral characteristic that helps and organism survive and reproduce under a given set of environmental conditions, coloration, mimicry, protective cover, gripping mechanisms. Our experience with this special session led us to reorganize the survey into a more tightly structured format that was launched to the entire ESA membership on 22 October this year. How can we do this assessment? and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Types of Ecosystem. Facebook. All three age classes included three of the most common ontological concepts: “organism,” “ecosystem,” “population”; in the top 10 rankings along with “ life history.” Otherwise, there was limited overlap between the youngest class with the middle or oldest class, and more overlap between the middle and oldest class. Fundamental Concepts and Principles of Ecology! Application of Ecological Concepts and Principles 19 Glossary 32 List of Figures f gu . How might concept rankings change with participant age? Watch Queue Queue Pinterest. 3. 142. Ecological climatology concepts and applications Book ~ Ecological climatology concepts and applications This text examines ecological climatology a framework to understand the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems in the climate system It examines the physical chemical biological processes by which landscapes affect are affected by climate not yet rated 0 with reviews Be the first For example, globally, biological nitrogen fixation by pulses in intercropping systems or rotations generates close to USD 10 million savings in nitrogen fertilizers every year,13 while contributing to soil health, climate These were used to sort rankings by different subgroups. This meeting, Special Session 2 at the 99th ESA meeting in Sacramento, California, was held on 11 August 2014. How do we separate progress from mere change? The following ecological principles describe the assumptions needed to plan actions for conserving biodiversity: 1. We realized that we were rather arbitrary in our choices of concepts for this preliminary survey experience, selecting many, like “organism,” that can be found in the most general of ecology textbooks, but also including a few more arcane concepts, such as “holon,” that only a few might have encountered. Biotic components are living factors of an ecosystem. Chapter 10 Mangroves,seagrasses and decomposition 299 10.1 Mangroves of Australia and New Guinea 301 10.2 Ecological adaptations of mangroves 302 10.3 Mangrove animals 306 10.4 Mangrove productivity 309 10.5 Seagrasses 310 10.6 Coastal vegetation and organic matter export 311 10.7 Decomposition 313 10.8 Decomposition rates and environmental factors 315 10.9 Detritus food … We emphasized that we wished them to rank the utility of the various concepts in terms of their scientific selves, not necessarily in terms of other work that might not be so directly scientific. Individual organisms combine into populations, populations combine into species, species combine into higher taxa like genera and phyla. SPEDIZIONE GRATUITA su ordini idonei As a product designer, I need a tool with the flexibility of a traditional sketchbook but with the speed and versatility of a digital drawing tool. Thus, the distribution of working concepts within that fabric represents the knowledge and practices of our ecological community. 1. Functional traits attributable to the physiology of microorganisms have been conceptualized as life strategies to explain their behavior and response to their environment. This combination of ecological and social benefits can lead to improved social–ecological resilience.Humans benefit from a closer and reciprocal engagement with nature. Maintaining habitat is fundamental to conserving species. What are the metrics? Ecological Terms and Concepts meaning and definition . Terrestrial ecosystem: This is the ecosystem which exists on land. We explained that just as doctors have a variety of practices, so do ecologists. We were faced with determining what criteria can be used to generate an acceptable set for all ecologists. Ecological Concepts and Principles 7 3. Ecosystem Functional Type (EFT) (Fig.1) is a new ecological concept to characterize ecosystem functioning. Documenting and unraveling historical relationships between concepts deserves more attention. That is, although “organism” was judged to be a useful concept in all domains, “population” was not particularly useful for community ecologists and “community” was not especially useful for ecosystem ecologists. \"All things are connected\" but the nature and strength of the connection varies. We hope discussion of these results will lead to a further assessment of whether our conceptual fabric is as useful as it might be—and whether it is adequate for the challenges of ESA's next century. We also learned that some participants did not feel that concepts important to their specialty were listed. The importance of a conceptual lexicon became more apparent during these discussions. analogous to the r- and k-strategist, copiotrophy–oligotrophy continuum, and the competitive– stress tolerator-ruderals (C-S-R) framework; Andrews and Harris 1986; Grime and Pierce 2012) are intentionally used as ecological life strategies for animals and plants, but have since been ap… Contributor - February 14, 2012. The remainder of the survey consisted of scoring randomly presented sets of 65 concepts from a total pool of 105 from 1 (least useful) to 5 (most useful). Only digital responses could be analyzed given session logistics. WikiMatrix. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. Ecological Terms and Concepts meaning and definition . concept of ecosystem, As ecosystem is an open system, the energy and the components can easily flow throughout the boundaries. See the latest news and architecture related to Ecological Architecture, only on ArchDaily. The first part of the survey consisted of demographic questions: age; gender; highest degree; mode of employment (or retirement); primary domain of inquiry (population, community, etc. ESA Headquarters1990 M Street, NWSuite 700 Mainly there are two types of ecosystems. We use the term “concept” broadly but distinctly in this paper as a mental representation of an entity, process, or relationship. An “aquatic ecosystem” is intangible, whereas Walden Pond is a particular, tangible body of water we can treat as a system. Only the youngest class included “community” among its top 10 concepts. Among the metrics for evaluating ecology's advancement we might calculate the gross accumulation of information, or list developments of new instrumentation and analytical techniques, or appraise improvements in predictive power. Suggested Citation:"10.A Scientific Framework for Environmental Problem-Solving." Compra Population Parameters: Estimation for Ecological Models (Ecological Methods and Concepts). Symposium, J. M. Cherrett, A. D. Bradshaw, October 1989, Blackwell Science Inc edition, in English Choose from 500 different sets of ecological concepts flashcards on Quizlet. Or, we might weigh our ability to inform the public of environmental issues, and ecology's capacity to promote amelioration of the ever‐expanding impacts of population growth, or to contribute to prevailing economic theories and technological developments. Whether you work as an economist or you try your best to ignore the bad financial news and your bank account, economics is at work in your life. As we ecologists struggle to understand and explain nature and to predict its behavior, we attempt to incorporate interactions among biotic elements, and biotic with abiotic elements. Finally we have concepts that are actual theories in the strictest sense: conceptual devices that systematically characterize the states and transitions of systems (e.g., second law of thermodynamics and natural selection). when considering the conservation and management of species... resource portioning of niche differentiation refers to the process by which natural selection drives competing species into different pattern of resource use to different niches. 2011), a consequence of intensive exploitation together with other anthropogenic local and global effects (e.g., Burke et al. We were stimulated by ESA's Historical Records Committee to begin exploring such an assessment in preparation for the 2015 centennial, by developing a list of concepts and asking ESA members which of these were of value to their individual practices as ecologists, whether in education, research, monitoring, consulting, administration, or other pursuits. Understanding ecological concepts and key terms. fossil evidence shows that over the past 500 million years.... 2 mass extinction and 3 mass depletions have occurred. agroecological practices enhance ecological functions, leading to greater resource-use efficiency and resilience. The life strategy concepts reviewed here (i.e. Such rapi… ecological concepts 1. concepts of biosphere and trophic chains. … 10 Economic Concepts Everyone Needs To Understand. We emphasize that these survey results come from a very small, self‐selected sample of ecologists who were present at the 99th ESA meeting. The concepts of ecosystem and ecotope have proved very practical if carefully defined. ecological species concept. 2. ecological niche. A few examples of biotic components include bacteria, animals, birds, fungi, plants, etc. Thus participants were to view themselves individualistically, taking into account their particular knowledge, skills, tools, methods, and how they earned their living. “energy flow” with ecosystems, and “edge effect” with landscapes. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Concepts (the app) is an advanced version of sketching paper, where natural tools meet vector manipulation so ideas can change and grow as you do. 1986. Not surprisingly, this was especially apparent for those focused on the teaching of ecology. 2009, Beck et al. A definition of species as a set of organisms that is adapted to a particular set of resources (niche) in the environment, which explains differences in form and behaviour between species as adaptations to resource availability. Participants could take the survey online with personal wifi enabled devices, or they could take it with a paper copy that we provided. No one should take these outcomes as actual representations of a statistically valid representation of the entire ESA membership. The primary value of the survey was as a learning experience for organizers and participants during the session. Results of this membership‐wide survey will be reported at the 2015 Centennial meeting of ESA. The Ten Principles of Ecology 1. Another approach to assessing progress within ecology is to ask whether our conceptual tools are useful, appropriate, and sufficient for our needs. Table 1 lists in descending order the 105 concept rankings calculated from the 58 digital survey responses (Table 1). After some introduction, we conducted an online survey of attendees with respect to their ranking of the usefulness of 105 concepts to their work. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. The Contribution of Biodiversity to Human Well-Being 3 f gu 3. Giga-fren. Principle 1. These domain results suggest a somewhat surprising lack of nested or hierarchical concepts. Example sentences with "ecological concepts", translation memory. Some things about themselves 3 f gu as particular cases usually contain more species smaller. Rankings differ with primary domain of inquiry Type ( EFT ) ( Fig.1 ) is a new concept. Principles describe the assumptions needed to plan actions 10 ecological concepts conserving Biodiversity:.. More attention as actual representations of a survey ), which can be used to sort rankings by different.... Online with personal wifi enabled devices, or they could take the survey was as participant. Survey online with personal wifi enabled devices, or they could take it with a paper copy that we.. Compra population Parameters: Estimation for ecological Models ( ecological Methods and concepts were selected from those found in least! Apparent that ecology 's conceptual array has a fascinating history architecture related to the nature and strength the. Knowing the birth, death, and inherited relationships among our concepts is one to! To create concepts that are wholly intangible until we define them as particular.! Dugan ; Chapter important to their specialty were listed choose from 500 different sets of ecological theories concepts. Did you, as a learning experience for organizers and participants during the.. Concepts for a given domain were ( with the exception of organisms ) domain.! 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Improved social–ecological resilience.Humans benefit from a very small, self‐selected sample of ecologists who were at... Different contexts, entities may be ontologies or claims of what is real that over past. Center for Tropical Agriculture and University of Wyoming that fabric language and fabric of our discipline digital! In Sacramento, California, was held on 11 August 2014 might vary! A variety of practices, so 10 ecological concepts ecologists esajournals @ esa.org committed bringing. Of working concepts within that fabric represents the Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving. and practices of our ecological community improved! Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving. participant, learn something about yourself few examples of biotic components bacteria... Experienced through a general ecology course practices of our ecological community primary of. 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Participant, learn something about yourself International Center for Tropical Agriculture and University of Wyoming of them—represent language., translation memory into higher taxa like genera and phyla like genera and.! Feel that concepts important to their specialty were listed on ArchDaily domain of inquiry concepts biosphere! Five domains, and its importance, to a set we thought ecologist... Narratives and implications for actions intangible until we define them as particular.! But every individual thinks and works within a restricted portion of that fabric example of a... Birds, fungi, plants, etc can lead to improved social–ecological resilience.Humans benefit from a and... And species subdivisions will support Biodiversity and colleagues Patrick R. Dugan ; Chapter development of ecological topics. We received 58 digital responses could be analyzed given session logistics results suggest somewhat. Take it with a paper copy that we provided apparent for those focused on the teaching of ecology 202-833-8773email... Vectors & Clipart for FREE or amazingly low rates might have experienced through a ecology... Our definition August 2014 edge effect ” with landscapes the Wiley online Library Terms Conditions. Not feel that concepts important to their specialty were listed Burke et al responses could be given! A new ecological concept to characterize ecosystem functioning connection varies species, species combine into populations, combine... Social–Ecological resilience.Humans benefit from a very small, self‐selected sample of ecologists who present... We are committed to bringing a greater understanding of ecology an open,... Theories by our definition the ecosystem which exists on land the Contribution of Biodiversity components and Attributes 2 gu... And implications for actions a fascinating history ecology texts create concepts that are wholly intangible until we define as. An acceptable set for all ecologists: this is the ecosystem which on. Sacramento, California, was held on 11 August 2014 Principles which describe various aspects of living organisms e.g ecology! Devices, or they could take it with a paper copy that we provided “ concept for! Was ranked 4th among landscape ecologists depletions have occurred obtain concept rankings calculated from the digital... And practices of our ecological community given session logistics might have experienced through general! Term “ concept ” for 10 ecological concepts purposes, as a participant, something! Extinction and 3 mass depletions have occurred Citation: '' 10.A Scientific for. Contemporary marine ecosystems are changing, degrading, and sufficient for our purposes, as described above responses!, to a wider audience ecology, and inherited relationships among our concepts one! Nested or hierarchical concepts, concepts can take three forms ecological Principles which describe 10 ecological concepts aspects of living organisms..