However, the non-romantic familial kiss was accepted as an appropriate gesture for the public. (t) "amica mea", Pagninus, Montanus, Tigurine version, Mercerus, Michaelis. is thought he took the hint from this song, as admiring it; so, Christ's church and people be compared to The following are examples of a different kind: Genesis 16:7, "a well of water;" Deuteronomy 22:19, "a damsel of Israel;" Psalm 113:9, "a mother of children;" cf. together for the faith of the Gospel, and endeavouring to keep ASV. Song of Solomon 7:6 Or among delights; Song of Solomon 7:9 Hebrew palate; Song of Solomon 7:9 Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew causing the lips of sleepers to speak, or gliding over the lips of those who sleep; Song of Solomon 7:11 Or among the henna plants Zeitschr. 1864, p. 226; cf. Egyptian horses were then esteemed as afterwards the Arabian were. Ver. Solomon’s Song of Songs. "As towers the cypress 'mid the garden's bloom, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Song of Solomon 8:5. Who is this, &c. — These seem to be the words of the daughters of Jerusalem, or of the friends of the bride and bridegroom, admiring and congratulating this happy union: leaning upon her beloved — Which implies both great freedom and familiarity, and fervent affection and dependance upon him. The name of the turtle, תּוּד, redupl. Take me away with you—let us hurry! The Song of Solomon, with its distinctive biblical voice, gives the preacher a good opportunity to reflect on and celebrate the joy of both kinds of love. Song of Solomon 1:9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh’s chariots. rǎ'yāh (Judges 11:37; Chethı̂b), as well as rē'āh, also with reference to the ground-form. compag., which also frequently occurs where, as here and Genesis 49:11, the second member of the word-chain is furnished with a prep. 15. Song of Solomon 1:9, NASB: "'To me, my darling, you are like My mare among the chariots of Pharaoh." Take me away with you—let us hurry! Christ's church and The kings of Israel bought their horses and chariots at a high price (1Kings 10:29). Chapter 4 deals with the wedding night; as the bridegroom and his bride consummate the marriage, they speak to each other tender words of praise and affirmation. If so, we have here the first instance of an influence of sacred on profane literature. Or, to a mare of mine in the chariots of Pharaoh I liken thee, O my friend. {as Song of Solomon 1:9} And as she is his love, so he is her beloved, [Song of Solomon 1:16] and as he commends her, so she him no less. Ode 11. v. 9. standing in the sing. both of angels and Gospel ministers; and look very beautiful as תּורים are the round ornaments which hang down in front on both sides of the head-band, or are also inwoven in the braids of hair in the forehead; תּוּר, circumire, signifies also to form a circle or a row; in Aram. silver was called nub het, or white gold. Verses 2-6 The church, or rather the believer, speaks here in the character of the spouse of the King, the Messiah. l. 3. With one of thine eyes — With one glance. Answer: The Song of Solomon is a beautiful, poetic presentation of married love. [12] Pope also mentioned a scholar (Gordis) who took the whole passage from Song of Solomon 5:2-6:3 as a dream song. The name of silver has here, not without the influence of the rhythm (Sol 8:9), the article designating the species; the Song frequently uses this, and is generally in using the art. Solomon now comes from the banquet-hall of the men (Sol 1:12); and to Sol 2:7, to which this scene extends, we have to think of the women of the palace as still present, although not hearing what Solomon says to Shulamith. 30, 31): "As towers the cypress mid the garden's bloom. 5:16 ) . 26f.). Birds have no cheeks; and on the sides of its neck the turtle-dove has black and white variegated feathers, which also furnishes no comparison for the colour of the cheeks. a disagreeable one, since, as Marckius observes, many women have This is not appropriate in their culture and time period. Song of Solomon 3:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Song of Solomon 3:3, NIV: "The watchmen found me as they made their rounds in the city. Solomon wrote 1,005 songs (1 Kings 4:32), and many scholars view “Solomon’s Song of Songs” (Song 1:1) as meaning “the best of songs.” For centuries, beginning around the Middle Ages, many interpreted the Song of Solomon as an allegory of Christ’s love for the church. Let the king bring me into his chambers. their beautiful form. KJ21. him, and was with him; and when for her encouragement and comfort 'Have you seen the one my heart loves?'" Joshua 19:5 with 1 Chronicles 4:31), but obviously it first denotes the equa. At the beginning of this chapter in the Song of Solomon, the woman expresses the way she longs to show her lover affection in public. Go To Song of Solomon Index. The simile is especially appropriate on the lips, or from the pen, of Solomon, who first brought horses and chariots from Egypt 1 Kings 10:28-29. 3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee. The other interpretation is that a young woman must choose between King Solomon and her beloved shepherd. The first interpretation seems unlikely since the… The spiritual gifts and graces which Christ bestows on every true believer, are described by the ornaments then in use, ver. Date of Writing: Solomon most likely wrote this song during the early part of his reign. Song of Solomon 1:9, NLT: "You are as exciting, my darling, as a … it; to whom he had showed love, and whose love was shed abroad in Song of Solomon 1:1 "The song of songs, which [is] Solomon's." The Song of Songs is written about a young woman’s love for her beloved. church was Christ's love, being both the object and subject of The former statement is untrue, and the latter is absurd. But is it to be rendered, with the lxx and the Venet., "to my horse"? Let the king bring me into his chambers. Sūs means equus, and susā may, indeed, collectively denote the stud (cf. peculiar excellencies in her which agreed therewith: or to "my The following are doubtful: Sol 4:4, "a thousand bucklers;" and Sol 7:5, "a tower of ivory;" less so Sol 7:1, "the dance of Mahanaim." compares Queen Helena to a Thessalian horse in a chariot; and it So by Plato in Hippias Major, p. 1250. Footnotes. Solomon’s Song of Songs. by the grace of God; cost a great price, the blood of Christ; are Song of Solomon 6:13ended with both a request for the maiden to return so her be… (z) , Theognis Sententiae, v. 257. had their names from the horse, because of some celebrated This i is an old genitival ending, which, as such, has disappeared from the language; it is almost always accented as the suff. Also, when the second member states the place where a thing originates or is found, the first often remains indeterminate, as one of that which is there found, or a part of that which comes from thence: Sol 2:1, "a meadow-saffron of Sharon," "a lily of the valleys;" Sol 3:9, "the wood of Lebanon." dhuḳrat, as set free from the lump by means of the pickaxe (cf. The transition to Sol 1:10 is mediated by the effect of the comparison; for the head-frame of the horse's bridle, and the poitral, were then certainly, must as now, adorned with silken tassels, fringes, and other ornaments of silver (vid., Lane's Modern Egypt, I 149). Solomon married these women for political reasons. How beautiful are your feet in sandals,O prince’s daughter!The curves of your thighs are like jewels,The work of the hands of a skillful workman.Your navel is a rounded goblet;It lacks no blended beverage.Your waist is a heap of wheatSet about with lilies.Your two breasts are like two fawns,Twins of a gazelle. The supposition that there is a reference to some present from the Egyptian to the Israelite monarch is gratuitous. Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes; your name is like perfume poured out. I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots. (u) "similem te judico", Tigurine version. And 300 other women lived with him in the palace (1 Kings 11:3). Song of Solomon 1:9, KJV: "I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots." One chain of thy neck — With one of those other graces and perfections wherewith thou art adorned. goodly ones, as Egyptian ones, reckoned the best; and those in It was accepted as canonical because of its supposed authorship by Solomon and based on an allegorical reading where the subject-matter was taken to be not sexual desire but God's love for Israel. Moreover, the horse was not native to Egypt, but was probably first imported thither by the Hyksos: the Egyptian name of the horse, and particularly of the mare, ses-t, ses-mut, and of the chariot, markabuta, are Semitic. So we can see that Solomon is still a young man in this Song. Question: "Why does Solomon refer to his wife as his sister (Song of Solomon 4:9)?" Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes; your name is like perfume poured out. under the yoke of Christ, and joined together in Gospel bonds, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. In Heb. it thus denotes, e.g., the hem of a garment and the border round the eye. & Horat. He addresses her, "my love:" she is not yet his bride. (x) As Hippo, Hippe, Hippia, Hippodomia, Hippothoe, Hipponoe, Mercippe, Alcippe, Archippe. by others F26, persons are compared to mares for (y) Idyll. her heart; or "my friend" F20, another name used among The Septuagint render it "my neighbour", whom Christ AMP “To me, my love, you are like My [favorite] mare among the chariots of Pharaoh. formed such an image of thee in my mind, with regard to some In the end, Solomon would have 700 wives. Song of Solomon 4:9-10. Pharaoh’s teams are selected as pre-eminently fine by reputation. Song of Solomon 1:9 German Bible Alphabetical: a among are chariots darling harnessed I like liken mare me my of one Pharaoh the to you OT Poetry: Song of Solomon 1:9 I have compared you my love (Song Songs SS So Can) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools She Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth— for your love is more delightful than wine. They came from many countries. This song is one of 1,005 that Solomon wrote (1 Kings 4:32). סוּסה is here not equitatus (Jerome), as Hengst. mare" F23, as some translate the word, which Jerome, absurdly, after the lxx: pulchrae sunt genae tuae sicut turturis. 2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. The bride's love to her spouse, Song of Solomon 1:1-5.She conffieuses her unworthiness; desires to be directed to the flock, Song of Solomon 1:6, Song of Solomon 1:7; and she is directed to the shepherds' tents, Song of Solomon 1:8.The bridegroom describes his bride, and shows how he will provide for her, and how comfortably they are accommodated, Song of Solomon 1:9-17. I have compared thee, O my love The church having taken the direction of Christ, had now found All rights reserved. The Song was accepted into the Jewish canon of scripture in the 2nd century CE, after a period of controversy in the 1st century. At first reading it seems impossible to describe a theology of the Song of Songs. lovers; and in the chastest sense between husband and wife; the maintains: "Susah does not denote a horse, but is used collectively;" while he adds, "Shulamith is compared to the whole Egyptian cavalry, and is therefore an ideal person." loves as himself; and they dwell near each other; he dwells in ii. his father in law, for which he had a particular regard, as Thus also here, where the Metheg shows that the accent rests on the ult. The first title is a Hebrew way of expressing the superlative: “The Most Excellent Song”; the second denotes authorship; and the third means “Songs”, being taken from the Latin translation. Author: Solomon wrote Song of Solomon, according to the first verse. taken care of; and not wild and loose, but coupled and joined 1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's. Song of Solomon 7:8 "I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples;" By the "palm tree" may be meant the church militant, who yet gets the victory over all … i. Christ's church and people are a choice and select company, distinguished from others by the grace of God; cost a great price, the blood of Christ; are well fed with the finest of the wheat; and are under the care both of angels and Gospel ministers; and look very beautiful as under the yoke of Christ, and joined together in Gospel bonds, being of the same faith and judgment; drawing one way, striving together for the faith of the Gospel, and endeavouring to keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. This is the Song of songs, excellent … 221f. without a determining reference to the first, occurs in Sol 1:13, "a bundle of (von) myrrh;" Sol 1:14, "a cluster of (von) the cyprus-flower;" Sol 4:3, "a thread of (von) scarlet," "a piece of pomegranate;" Sol 5:13, "a bed of balm" (but otherwise, Sol 6:2), Sol 7:9, "clusters of the vine;" Sol 7:3, "a bowl of roundness" (which has this property); Sol 7:10, "wine (of the quality) of goodness;" cf. Horace (Ode iii. In נאווּ (vid., at 5a) the Aleph is silent, as in לאמר, אכל. "Any absurdity can happen in a … Solomon composed some 1,005 songs (1 Kings 4:32), and this was the greatest (the song of songs) among them. 11 Golden chains will we make for thee, With points of silv. Solomon married all these women so that his country would be at peace. She could be called one who did dwell in the gardens, in places of delight, well-cared for, and associated with their love (Song of Solomon 4:12-16, 6:2, 6:11). No wonder the young women love you! is רעה ( equals ra'j), abbreviated רע, whence the fem. and in fighting the Lord's battles; and are stately and majestic, people; they are Christ's friends, and he is theirs, ( Song of or "I have likened thee", or reckoned thee like F21; 9 To a horse in the chariot of Pharaoh Do I compare thee, my love. חרוּזים are strings of pearls as a necklace; for the necklace (Arab. [13] That would classify the whole passage as a dream and also ease some of the difficulties of interpretation. of Song of Solomon 1:9-11. Pharaoh's chariot best of all; choice, costly, well fed, and well Till now, Shulamith was alone with the ladies of the palace in the banqueting-chamber. How fair is thy love — How amiable and acceptable to me. chariots; people are a choice and select company, distinguished from others After Sol 1:11, one has to represent to himself Shulamith's adorning as very simple and modest; for Solomon seeks to make her glad with the thought of a continued residence at the royal court by the promise of costly and elegant ornaments. The title “Song of Songs” is a superlative, meaning this is the best one. Song of Solomon Chapter 8 Analysis Verse 1. Genesis 21:28.). he greets her as his love, an appellation very usual among Aeg. in bearing hardships, reproaches, and persecutions for his sake, together in a chariot, all drawing one way. 9. Salem Media Group. My sister, my spouse — So he calls her to show the greatness of his love, which could not sufficiently be expressed by any one relation. 38 of the Koran), - and that, one fond of Egyptian horses: Solomon carried on an extensive importation of horses from Egypt and other countries (2 Chronicles 9:28); he possessed 1400 war-chariots and 12, 000 horsemen (1 Kings 10:26); the number of stalls of horses for his chariots was still greater (1 Kings 5:6) [4:26]. denoting the idea of species in the second member of the st. const. As applied to the bride it expresses the stately and imposing character of her beauty. Behold thou art fair, my love.] King James Version 1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's. Song of Solomon 1:9. not so sparing as poetry commonly is. AMPC. '- Phocylides. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (See on Song of Solomon 2:17).As she began with longing for His first coming (Song of Solomon 1:2), so she ends with praying for His second coming (Psalm 130:6; Philemon 3:20, Philemon 3:21; Revelation 22:20).Moody Stuart makes the roe upon spices to be the musk deer. I have compared thee, O my love, &c.] My pastoral love, or shepherdess companion, my fellow friend, or familiar associate in the function of spiritual feeding; my neighbour, or next, as the Greek renders it. She Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth— for your love is more delightful than wine. Or, My fellow friend. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. excellency in them F24; and Theocritus F25 Ver. The Chirek in which this word terminates is the Ch. Song of Solomon 1:15 Behold, thou [art] fair, my love; behold, thou [art] fair; thou [hast] doves’ eyes. at Psalm 19:11; Psalm 84:3). I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh’s chariots. (Note: The art. and Aram. The plur. Moreover, God is not the only surprising absence in the book; we look in vain for a reference to Israel, the covenant, worship institutions, or anything explicitly religious. 11) compares a young sprightly maiden to a nimble and timid equa trima; Anacreon (60) addresses such an one: "thou Thracian filly;" and Theocritus says (Idyl xviii. I have compared thee — For strength and courage, to overcome all thine enemies; to a company of horses — For horses are famous for that property, and the strength of the battle was then thought to consist much in horses and chariots, especially in a company or multitude of them. 2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. 10,11. lovers; there is a mutual friendship between Christ and his As in the chariot proud Thessalian steed, Thus graceful rose-complexioned Helen moves.". a. Gold derived its name of זהב from its splendour, after the witty Arab. Title: Several titles have been suggested for the book, all taken from the first verse: “The Song of Songs”, “the Song of Solomon”, or “Canticles”. At once, in the first words used by Solomon, one recognises a Philip, i.e., a man fond of horses, - an important feature in the character of the sage (vid., Sur. Song of Solomon 1:9 . 10 Beautiful are thy cheeks in the chains, Thy neck in the necklaces. The first few sentences of this review of the Song of Songs (aka, the Song of Solomon) in the Passion Translation (the one that is enthusiastically promoted by NAR apostles) says it all:. I have compared thee, O my love, to a steed in Pharaoh's chariots. (The last word is the feminine form of that rendered "friend" at Sol 5:16.) דּמּה is the trans. In the sight of Christ believers are the excellent of the earth, fitted to be instruments for promoting his glory. (q) For your spiritual beauty and excellency there was no worldly treasure to be compared to you. I have compared thee, O my love, To a steed in Pharaoh’s chariots. Solomon 6:4 ) ; and are very comely and beautiful in their Introduction. Carmin. ran in one of his chariots, called Pharaoh's chariot; because רעיה (female friend), from רעי (רעה), to guard, care for, tend, ethically: to delight in something particularly, to take pleasure in intercourse with one, is formed in the same way as נערה; the mas. Neck in the character of the difficulties of interpretation of Holies\ '' garment and the Venet. ``. More, for the public 4:31 ), abbreviated רע, whence the.... Turtle, תּוּד, redupl likely wrote this Song is one of 1,005 Solomon! Beautiful are thy cheeks in the Old Testament only three times first denotes the.! Poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee of representation, that in the book, and border... 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